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Mojo and VJ.

A mojo reporter (mojo) uses only a mobile phone to distribute and report on news. A video journalist (VJ) has more equipment and is more like a traditional journalist. Mojo and VJ have fundamentally changed the traditionally media industry. (via Stephen Quinn)

Here is an interview with Deakin academic and chair of this unit Stephen Quinn, discussing mobile journalism’s use

Throughout my three years as a media student, I have enjoyed watching traditional media adapt to the new mojo technology and the exponential growth of citizen journalism.

I hope that in this new media environment where the problem is information overload, journalists will look to news values to determine which stories are worth reporting. I believe that news values are timeless and identify what truly deserves to be reported on.

YouTube has a website for aspiring reporters. It has many videos of essential information for journalists.

Eg. Katie Couric discussing how to conduct a good interview:

I have observed that with the invent of social media, people are increasingly valuing human interest, as human’s have a need for connection. Increasing use of technology is decreasing the amount of human interaction in day to day life.

As Kevin Sites of the Hot Zone said in this video “YouTube is a democratising source of information.”

This reinforces my thought that social media is humanising the news environment and that public discourse is no longer dictated by the media.

I’ll leave you with an example of a citizen journalist beating traditional media in breaking a story. In the following Steve Garfield beat CNN to a scoop on US politician Duncan Hunter. I love Steve’s pure enthusiasm.

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STOMP (Straits Times Online Mobile Print) is a Singapore based social networking website driven by user generated content, and is owned by Singapore Press Holdings.

STOMP aid journalists in the traditional media space with their newsgathering, as the Singapore Press Holdings ownership facilitates relationships with traditional media outlets.

STOMP was originally targeted at young people, as a way for the The Strait Times to interact with the younger demographic, but middle age men and women are rapidly joining the site. The increasing interest in STOMP is because there is such a variety of content, that it appeals to people with many interests. There is up-to-the-minute hard news plus softer news, discussions about society in Singapore and other content on many and varied topics.

The users are proud to be called STOMPers.

The most popular pages are

Singapore Seen –  the hub of citizen journalism on STOMP

Talkback forums, where users can talk about anything they desire

My favourite discovery on the STOMP website was Ugly Commuters, a section about strange and/or unacceptable public transport behaviour.

STOMP is a leader in Singapore, and the world, in embracing the changing media landscape and new tools for reporting. They have a twitter page and facebook, which they are using to continually update users. This is a great form of engagement, as users interested in STOMP updates choose to receive the updates, and then receive them throughout the day whilst in their favourite media spaces.

As I briefly discussed last week, journalist’s are using twitter.

Here is a diagram of the part twitter currently plays in journalist’s reporting:

(via dandrewing)

Twitter is useful because breaking news can be released instantly into the public sphere, and then the explanatory and background story can be updated and shared via twitter as details become available.

The most useful tip provided by Mashable on “The Journalist’s Guide To Twitter” is:

Do: Treat your Tweets like a microblog. Consider whether your readers would care about something before you belch it out to the wider world.

I have seen many boring tweets posted. It is easy to click “unfollow” and users fast learn that if they do not post interesting content, their followers will no longer follow.

I would like to add (an obvious yet necessary) do to the Mashable list.

Do: Think before you click “tweet”. All tweets are cached by search engines, have a cyber trail and may have been retweeted.

Westpac is an example of a corporate organisation who did not appear to be alert one (seemingly long) day. One of their communication team tweeted “Oh so very over it today” whilst signed into the Westpac twitter page. They most likely thought they were signed into their own twitter profile, yet before they noticed and had a chance to delete the tweet it was screen grabbed and retweeted over 100 times.

Six months later, there is still proof of the mistake on mumbrella, which is evidence of the long trail any cyber mistake can leave behind.

(img via mumbrella)

In this new media age, journalists must navigate the various communication platforms on the internet.

The following are the new (and free) journalism tools I believe are the most important for reporting, today and in the future.

Twitter

(via Specht)

I like twitter because it allows me to customise the information that I want to be alerted to, and alerts me to trends in public discourse. It also allows me to create specific lists that follow people who discuss my interests, including Australian fashion, Australian politics and my favourite music artists.

It is for these reasons that journalists must be using twitter – to alert them to trends, monitor developments and most importantly, up to the minute news in their area of reporting.

Google Tools

Google’s mail system – gmail is an easy and free way for journalists to keep track of emails on one easy to access chain and makes keeping track of information from sources simple. Tags can also be added to group information for stories together.

Google alerts are a free way to monitor subjects on the internet. You can choose to receive information on the key words you choose at various time intervals, or as soon as they appear.

The common thread in the above tools I have listed is ease of use and instant information. I believe journalists must use these simple tools to ensure they are alerted to the information they require as soon as it appears in cyberspace, and most importantly – whilst it is still newsworthy.

OhMyNews!

In 2000, South Korean Oh Yeon-Ho launched  OhMyNews.com – the first news agency run entirely by citizen journalists. He wanted to rid the news industry of elitism and realised that due to the decentralised nature of the internet, it cannot be controlled.

Oh Yeon-ho, courtesy of Wired.

When citizens join, they sign a Code Of Ethics and Reporters Agreement. Contributors can earn money for their stories, depending on it’s importance.

OhMyNews acts on the thought that every citizen can be a reporter. This gives a difference perspective on the news to the world.  If one person is interested then perhaps another is interested in that news too, and removes public discourse control from traditional media gatekeepers.

The following is from the OhMyNews.com citizen journalism conference:

Two quotes I completely agree with from the video are there is an “expectation of readers that they can interact with the people telling them their news” and “If you don’t like the news, report some of your own.”

As South Korea has the highest rate of broadband connections per capita, OhMyNews has empowered information hungry citizens that want to share and created a community.

I am increasingly discovering that in this media landscape it is easy to suffer from information overload, so people are becoming increasingly savvy at filtering out the news they don’t want and finding exactly the information that they do want to learn about. OhMyNews aids this search.

If you would like to learn more about OhMyNews, click here.

What is citizen journalism?

(via RobinGood )

Media consumers are increasingly participating in the news gathering process of media outlets, at the expense of traditional media.

Firstly, web-logs arose, (A.K.A ‘blogs.’) Blogs allow anyone with the desire to write and the technological ability and resources, to publish their thoughts.

Next, the mainstream and traditional news providers decided to join in, so they provided platforms for citizen journalists.

Four mainstream web news providers now offer forms of citizen journalism;

CNN’s i-Report Toolkit // Yahoo’s YouWitness News // CBS’s EyeMobile //  Fox network’s UReport

CNN has the best process as there are guidelines and tips for the news gatherers, in an effort to verify the authenticity and increase the quality of content submitted by amateur news gatherers.


(via The Vincenton Post)

Now, blogs often beat traditional media to breaking news stories.

Traditional media’s attempt to catch up leads to quality and truth often being compromised in an effort to ‘break’ the news. They must be aware that news is often already in the cybersphere  and many members of their former audiences and readers access it online, instead of consuming traditional media.

Traditional media are responding by shifting the focus of news from the newness of content onto promoting conversation and using their resources for in depth analysis of current trends and issues, and this will increase as we continue to move into the future.

Finally, if you’d like to learn more – here is a link to the history of citizen journalism.

Throughout their waking hours many Australian’s are consuming media in one form or another.

The following graph from a Fairfax Digital illustrates this:

The ways news organisations are earning revenue are:

  • Advertising dollars from traditional media are increasing shifting online, to follow eyeballs.
  • As I discussed last week, news organisations are providing newspapers in an e-format available to paid subscribers.
  • Newspapers are providing news to web enabled mobiles phones in a easy to access format with advertising strategically placed. According to Roy Morgan Research, at July 16 2010 approximately ‘13% of Australians’ have used their phone to access the web in the prior four weeks. Part of this web browsing is sure to be on mobile news sites. This was up from 8% in 2008.
    I have the mobile optimised pages for The Age and ABC bookmarked on my phone. Each morning and regularly throughout the day I check for news updates. The Age does have advertising, but it is not annoying and doesn’t bother me.
  • Newspapers are charging for services which make life easier, such as offering advertising free e-editions of their papers.
  • Online content which is hidden behind a paywall, such as parts of Rupert Murdoch’s The Wall Street Journal and recently some content of The Times and The Sunday Times.
    As Kaye and Quinn point out, these publications are attracting subscribers because the information behind the pay wall is “targeted at specific, niche audiences.”

This is the future – marketers of news organisations need to target and be creative, in order to continue to earn revenue.